IN-SITU One Health Problem Based Learning for Animal and Human Health

The IN-SITU One Health Problem Based Learning for Animal and Human Health was held for the fourth time this year from 14 to 16 September and from 21 to 23 September. The program was held at the Deer Breeding Centre, The Department of Veterinary Services, Lenggong and Matang Mangrove Forest, Kuala Sepetang, Perak.

 

With the objective of the activity to expose students to the application of the theories learned in class at the pre-clinical level to the problem investigation used by the One Health concept, a total of 174 students from various backgrounds, each contributing to the unique aspect of One Health – Biomedical Science, Medicine, Forestry, Environmental Health and Veterinary Medicine involved in the program.

National Rabies Simulation Exercise 2018

Rabies is a zoonotic disease caused by Lyssavirus and can infect all types of mammals. On June 30,
2017, the state of Sarawak has been shocked by the Rabies case for the first time. Ten lives have been
killed, and the virus is still threatening Sarawakians because the disease has a relatively long
incubation period up to six months. The risk of re-emergence of the disease has always been due to
the active movement of pet from around the world. Likewise, the rapid movement of local and foreign
tourists in infected countries, making the risk always available. Hence, from 24 th to 26 th July 2018,
MyOHUN collaborated with DVS Sabah organized the National Rabies Simulation 2018 in Tawau,
Sabah. In this regard, the simulation exercise of rabies is very useful in streamlining contingency
plans and regular operating procedures, as well as building a team that acts fast and efficiently in
dealing with the epidemic.

One Health Young Leaders and Communicators

Efforts to improve knowledge about how to deal with zoonosis threat more quickly, intensify further to students during One Health Young Leaders and Communicators that was held from 16th to 19th July 2018 in Eagle Ranch Resort, Port Dickson.

 

A total of 49 students from six local universities including four students from three Cambodian universities have the opportunity to participate in the five-day activity. The program gathers students from a variety of different fields including Medical and Health Sciences, Veterinary Medicine, Environmental Science, Social Work, Animal Sciences, Agriculture, and Psychology

 

Project Leader, Dr. Mohd Faizal Ghazali, said the objective of the activity was to introduce students to the concept of ‘One Health’ and to provide knowledge on the competencies required in the ‘One Health’ practice. He said the concept requires an individual to work in a group in dealing with various issues. Zoonotic disease issues are complex and more effectively addressed using the ‘One Health’ concept among various agencies and institutions and thus strengthening communication, collaboration and networking with each other.

 

Present during the activity was Professor Dr. Stanley Gordon Fenwick from Tuft University, the United States to help facilitate the activity.

One Health Field Training for Emerging Zoonoses

One Health Field Training for Emerging Zoonoses was held in Tenera Hotel, Bandar Baru Bangi, and Lipis Plaza Hotel, Kuala Lipis from 2nd until 5th July 2018. Seventy officers, academicians, and postgraduate students from UKM, UNIMAS, UPM, and UITM with various background participated in this activity along with the active contribution of experts from the universities, Ministry of Health and Department of Veterinary Services. This activity trained participants on outbreak simulation in a classroom setting. The students were divided into five groups which represent the settings in the scenario, for example, district hospital, health clinic, DVS office, State Health Office and others. Two cases were discussed during the 2-day workshop in Tenera Hotel, Bangi. In Kuala Lipis, during the visit in Felda Kechau, demonstration of indoor residue spray and treated bed net as preventive action from malaria were delivered by officers from the District Health Office while visiting Felda Kechau. The activity will be continued with Table Top Simulation Exercise in August.

Regional Training of Trainers: One Health Problem Based Book 2

From 29th June until 1st July 2018, Regional Training of Trainers (ToT): One Health Problem Based Book 2 was held in Hotel Perdana, Kota Bharu, Kelantan. The activity aims to train facilitators on the use of One Health PBL book 1 and 2 in teaching undergraduate students, as well as to improve the quality of PBL cases from both books based on feedbacks. The activity is built upon past activities on the development of OH PBL book 1. Dr. Hellen Amuguni from Tufts University, United States was again invited to be the trainer for the activity. Twenty-eight academicians that have different disciplines and from various universities such as UniSZA, UPM, UNIMAS, UMK, IIUM, and UKM attended the activity.

Community Education and Field Training Among the Jahai School Children in Sungai Tiang on Zoonotic Disease Transmission

This activity mainly focuses on creating awareness on the risks of zoonotic infections involving the children of the indigenous Jahai people from Sungai Tiang in Belum forest located in the state of Perak, Malaysia.

There are three phases to the activity in which the first phase focuses on the recognition of pathogens and understanding the impact to human health. The first phase was held from 30th March to 1st April 2018 with more than 70 children from the age of 6 to 12 years old involved. Few activities were prepared by the facilitators to introduce bacteria and viruses than can cause diseases and how those diseases can impact human health. Before the break, the correct way to wash hands was demonstrated by facilitators for the children to implement in their daily lives.

The second phase was held from 13th April to 15th April 2018. During this phase, the same children with some new addition of the Jahai children participated in the activities prepared by the facilitators. This second phase focuses on the personal hygiene practice and food preparation especially bush meat and the third phase was held from 27th to 29th April 2018 and focused on environment friendly practices and hygiene.

A total of hundred university students from Universiti Putra Malaysia, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Universiti Sains Malaysia, University Tunku Abdul Rahman, Cyberjaya University College of Medical Sciences and Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia that came from various disciplines play the role as facilitators with guidance from few lecturers in each phase. The young and energetic facilitators were very enthusiastic to educate the children and create awareness on the danger of zoonotic infections to their health.

One Health Field Epidemiology Training

One Health Field Epidemiology Training combining officers and academicians from various disciplines was held from 9th to 13th April 2018 in Miri, Sarawak. Forty-three participants attended the training. This 5-day training aimed at training One health workforce to respond competently to the infectious disease outbreaks using One Health competencies.

Project Leader, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Razitasham aimed to produce a training module on field epidemiology using One Health approach, hence another session of the activity was held from 28th April to 1st May 2018, solely focused on developing One Heath Field Epidemiology Module.

 

Pilot PBL with Medical, Health Sciences, and Veterinary Undergraduates Students

On 6 th March 2018, the first session of Pilot Problem Based Learning with Medical, Health
Sciences and Veterinary Undergraduates Students was held in Faculty of Veterinary
Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM). The second session of the activity was held on
23 rd March 2018 in the Office of the Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research & Innovation), UPM.
One hundred and eighty students from various disciplines gathered to participate on One
Health PBL cases for both sessions which consequently help them to understand the
importance of transdisciplinary network on One Health issues.

Forty-five facilitators were involved in both sessions to inculcate the One Health concept
among undergraduate students and to assess the comprehensibly of the developed book on
the students while creating the opportunity for medical, health sciences and veterinary
undergraduate students to work together on One Health cases.

One Health Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) Seminar & Launching of Malaysian Action Plan on AMR (MyAP-AMR)

One Health Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) Seminar & Launching of Malaysian Action
Plan on AMR (MyAP-AMR) was held on 27 th February 2018 in Auditorium JAKIM,
Kompleks Islam Putrajaya. The activity was a collaborative effort between Ministry of
Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Agro-Based Industry and MyOHUN with 500 ministerial
officers and academician attended the activity.

The objective of the seminar is to improve understanding among all related personnel on the
significance and importance of AMR and launching of the Malaysian Action Plan on AMR
2017-2021. The Launching Ceremony of Malaysian Action Plan on AMR was officiated by
YB Dato’ Sri Ahmad Shabery Cheek, Minister of Agriculture & Agro-Based Industry and
YB Datuk Seri Dr. S. Subramaniam, Minister of Health.

One Health Disaster Front Liners Module Development Workshop

Disaster’s front liners training is necessary to ensure competent disaster front liners was
deployed to the disaster area. From 16 th to 19 th January 2018, One Health Disaster Front
Liners Module Development Workshop was held in Ramada Plaza Melaka. A total of 25
balance mixture of academician and field experience officers from Ministry of Health,
agencies; National Disaster Management Association (NADIM) and National Disaster
Management Agency (NADMA), universities; Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM) and
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), and hospitals; Hospital Serdang and Hospital
Sultan Ismail Johor Bahru attended the activity. This 4-day training aimed at develop the
basic One Health Disaster Front Liner Module covering the four phase of emergency
management.