Development of Program Module for In-Situ One Health Problem-Based Learning for Human and Animal Health

Problem-Based Learning (PBL) uses complex real-world problems as a vehicle to develop critical thinking skills, problem-solving abilities, and communication skills in a group. Since PBL was first introduced in 1969, it has been incorporated as a teaching method in many countries, and Malaysia is no exception. 

MyOHUN has organized In-Situ PBL activities since 2015 and has gained a lot of experiences and lesson-learned throughout the years. These exciting activities focused on the training of the emerging infectious diseases that mostly have a close relationship between wild animals, the environment, and humans. The Deer Breeding Centre in Lenggong, Kuala Gandah in Pahang, Kuala Sepetang in Perak are among the few locations that MyOHUN has organized In-Situ PBL throughout the years. 

This year MyOHUN took the opportunity to compile all those experiences gained into a Program Module for the In-Situ One Health Problem-Based Learning for Human and Animal Health, with the objective of creating a PBL module that uniquely serves the In-Situ program and can be used as a reference by academicians and PBL trainers in the region. 

This activity comprises of two series led by Assoc. Prof. Dr. Hasliza Binti Abu Hassim from Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM). Eighteen experienced In-Situ PBL facilitators gathered for the first series that was held in Marriot Putrajaya Hotel from 6 to 7 August 2020. The first series focused on the module’s structure as well as preliminary PBL chapters and topics to be included in the module. 

Finalizing a module is not an easy task. The group convened again at the Hatten Hotel Malacca from 28 to 30 August 2020 for the second series to finalize the content and chapters for the module. The module was categorized into three parts, which are Pre-Activity, Activity, and Post-Activity. Two PBL experts assisted both activity series as facilitators namely Prof. Dr. Syafinaz Amin Nordin and Prof. Dr. Siti Suri Arshad from UPM.

SEAOHUN 2020 Small Grants Program

“CALL FOR APPLICATIONS” Join us for the opportunity to win the #SEAOHUN2020Smallgrants! The Southeast Asia One Health University Network (#SEAOHUN) #smallgrants offers funding for innovative field research, curriculum development, and training implementation in #OneHealth related fields. SEAOHUN encourages the SEAOHUN faculty members from its member universities (Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam) or expansion country (Myanmar) to apply. If you have passion to contribute to One Health core competencies and building of a network with people and organizations in this field, please visit https://www.seaohun.org/small-grants or contact us for more information at olesya@seaohun.orgThe application deadline is 16 August 2020.

Industrial farming of livestock a ticking pathogen bomb, scientists say

Three years before the virus that causes Covid-19 started making people sick in
China, another novel coronavirus began circulating in the southeast of the country. It
was fatal, but its victims were 25,000 piglets, not humans.

That outbreak was swiftly followed in 2018 by a scourge on a much larger scale–the
Ebola-like African swine fever, which does not infect humans but killed at least 100
million pigs as it raged across China. It threw the country’s pork industry into crisis
and sent the price of China’s favourite meat soaring. The disease is still spreading in
Asia.

This flurry of outbreaks and the possible link between the Covid-19 human pandemic
to China’s wildlife trade has pressed the authorities to tighten rules.


“There is no perfect way to respond to an emerging disease threat. There will always
be trade-offs”

Prof. Dr. Latiffah Hassan, Universiti Putra Malaysia

Read More On South China Morning Post

MyOHUN Stay at Home

These are dark times for Malaysia, but we as Malaysian should never give up and
should stay vigilant and support each other facing the threat of COVID-19. Our government came out with a Movement Control Order (MCO) to curb this threat.

As mention above, during the period of MCO, MyOHUN National Coordinating Office
will be closed until 14 April 2020. All the NCO members will work from home can still be contacted via email. We apologized in advance for all the inconveniences that occurred during the period. We pray and hope that this threat will end soon.

Our highest and most appreciative thank you to our frontliners that work non-stop to
stop COVID-19 and bring back peaceful Malaysia. We pray that all of you stay strong
and may all of us prevailed.

StayAtHome #thankyouFrontliners

USIM Medic Students Show Interest in One Health Collaborative Effort.

USIM studentts visits Faculty of Veterinary Medicine UPM

Last Friday, 27 February 2020, a total of 40 students from the Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM) accompanied by Assoc. Prof. Dr. Nurul Azmawati Mohamed visited the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine to learn more about animal-borne diseases as well as how to detect and respond to it. The visit emphasized the importance of collaboration between human, animal, and environmental
health to cater to zoonotic diseases. MyOHUN representatives, Prof. Dr. Latiffah Hassan and Dr. Nur Indah Ahmad were present to share some knowledge about zoonotic diseases.

Zoonotic diseases are complex and unique in their own way. A simple yet effective approach such as
One Health concept is a very much needed solution to tackle such complexity. In order to implement
and apply this approach, one must know the core of One Health, which is the balanced link between
human-animal-environment health as one unit. MyOHUN, as the ambassador for One Health in
Malaysia believes that the knowledge of One Health should be fostered and promote through
education and training.

The students also visited the University Veterinary Hospital to learn about the facilities and services provided by the hospital.

Novel Coronavirus – 2019-nCoV

The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared a global health emergency over a new coronavirus that has killed at least 427 people in China.

More than 20,400 cases have been reported worldwide including Malaysia. There 10 reported cases in Malaysia and one of them is a 41-year-old man from Selangor.

What is Coronavirus?

It is a virus with a distinct pedal-shaped projection on the corona. The virus is common in birds and mammals.

Referring to WHO website, coronaviruses are a family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as SARS and the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS).

Coronovires are zoonotic, which means it can be transmitted to humans. The Wuhan virus is the seventh coronavirus that can infect humans, affecting the respiratory system.

Some of the infections are mild while others such as the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-Coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) that were first isolated in 2003 and 2012, respectively, are much more dangerous.

Mammals and birds are the natural hosts (reservoirs) of coronaviruses. They carry the viruses in the respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts without showing signs of infection.

Often, these viruses have an intermediate host before they can infect humans. We know that the natural and intermediate hosts of SARS-CoV are bats and civet cats, while the ones for MERS-CoV are bats and camels.

A novel coronavirus, identified by Chinese authorities on January 7 and named 2019-nCoV, is a new strain that had not been previously identified in humans.

Explanation video from WHO about Novel Coronavirus (2019-CoV)

What are the symptoms?

According to the WHO, signs of infection include fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties.

In more severe cases, it can lead to pneumonia, SARS, kidney failure and even death.

The incubation period of the coronavirus remains unknown. Some sources say it could be between 10 and 14 days.

What We Can Do?

No vaccine is available against the virus. Antibiotics will not work since the disease is caused by a virus. What we can do is take precautions commonly practiced to prevent respiratory flu-like illness.

Drink plenty of water, stay healthy and practice good personal hygiene by washing or disinfecting your hands regularly, especially after touching surface or fomites.

Wear a surgical mask and avoid being in close contact with people who are from infected areas.

Refferences:

MyOHUN Adds Three New Members

MyOHUN expands its wings to include the National Disaster Management Agency
(NADMA) and Malaysia Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI)
as well as the Kuliyyah of Allied Health Sciences, IIUM, in an ongoing effort to
increase the visibility of One Health holistically in Malaysia. With these new additions,
MyOHUN members in total consist of 17 Universities, 22 Faculties, and 7 Government Agencies.

Universities and Faculties


Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Faculty of Environmental Studies

Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
Faculty of Health Sciences
Faculty of Medicine

Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)
School of Medical Sciences
School of Health Sciences

International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM)
Kuliyyah of Medicine
Kuliyyah of Allied Health Sciences

Universiti Malaysia Kelantan (UMK)
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine

Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
School of Fundamental Sciences

Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA)
Faculty of Medicine

Cyberjaya University College of Medical Sciences (CUCMS)
Faculty of Medicine

Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM)
Faculty of Medicine

Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM)
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences

Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman (UTAR)
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences

Management & Science University (MSU)
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences

Universiti Malaya (UM)
Faculty of Medicine

International Medical University (IMU)
School of Medicine

Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS)
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences

Universiti Malaysia Sabah (UMS)
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences

RCSI & UCD Malaysian College (The Royal College of Surgeon in Ireland &
University College Dublin Malaysian Campus

Government Agencies

Department of Veterinary Services (DVS)
Institute of Medical Research (IMR)
Department of Wildlife and National Parks Peninsular Malaysia (PERHILITAN)
National Public Health Laboratory (NPHL)
Veterinary Research Institute (VRI)
National Disaster Management Agency (NADMA)
Malaysia Agricultural and Research Development Institute (MARDI)

SEAOHUN Fellowship Program 2018

What are the objectives of the fellowship?

  • To provide fellows with practical, trans-disciplinary experience in
    One Health projects and programs
  • To encourage fellows to integrate and apply One Health experience
    and knowledge into their professional practice
  • To develop and foster an active community of fellowship alumni for
    the One Health Workforce

What are the host organizations?

Approved international organizations are those concerned with animal
and/or human public health, including FAORAP, CIRAD, ILRI, OIE SRR-SEA,
CU VET AMR, WCS/ PREDICT-2 Vietnam, Thai CUOH and PREDICT-2
Indonesia.

Who may apply?

Early to mid-career professionals under age 40 with at least a Bachelor’s
Degree obtained by the time of fellowship commencement (Master’s
Degree is preferred) from the fields of public health, medicine, nursing,
veterinary medicine, epidemiology, laboratory sciences, environmental
health and other One Health related fields. Applicants must be citizens of
SEAOHUN member and expansion countries; Thailand, Indonesia,
Vietnam, Malaysia, Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, and Bangladesh.
Applicants must be able to participate as a full-time fellow at the
designated host organization at least 3 months and have professional
competency in spoken and written English. Priority will be given to
transdisciplinary fellowships (e.g., a veterinarian wishing to be a fellow
with a human health organization).

How many fellowships will be awarded?

Eight fellowships will be funded in 2018.
What is the length of the fellowship?
Fellowships must be at least 3 months and not longer than 5 months in
duration.

Where can the fellowships take place?

Fellowships will be based in designated host organization offices in
SEAOHUN member or expansion countries. The fellowship may not take
place in the applicants’ country of origin.

What type of support is included?

• A monthly stipend of approximately $1,500
• One return, economy class international air ticket
• Travel insurance and VISA fees if required

What are the deadlines?

• Applications must be received by 6 April 2018
• Successful applicants will be notified by May 2018, through
SEAOHUN facebook and website.
• A mandatory Fellowship Orientation will be held in May or July 2018
• All fellowships must be completed by December 2018

Where the completed list of fellowship Host organizations 2018 and
application form can be downloaded?

To download both documents, please access: SEAOHUN Fellowship

Contact person:
Jutamart Jattuchai (May)
Program officer, SEAOHUN Secretariat at jutamart@seaohun.org
https://www.facebook.com/seaohun or www.seaohun.org

Please view Seaohun Facebook Page for more info:  https://goo.gl/ 7p4HYH